Albert Kahn (1860-1940) was a French banker and philanthropist who was known for initiating a vast photography project. In 1909, Kahn travelled with his chauffeur/photographer to Japan on business and returned with many photographs of the journey. That prompted him to begin a project collecting a photographic record of the entire Earth. He then sent photographers to every continent to record images of the planet using early color photography: autochrome plates, and early cinematography. Between 1909 and 1931 they collected 72,000 color photographs and 183,000 meters of film. These form a unique historical record of 50 countries, known as The Archives of the Planet. In 1893 Kahn purchased a large property just outside of Paris, where he set out to create a 10-acre garden that incorporated elements from all around the world. The garden includes an English garden, a Japanese garden with a traditional house and tea-room, a rose garden and a conifer wood. Kahn lost his fortune during the Wall Street crash of 1929 and was left bankrupt. The gardens were turned into a public park where Kahn himself continued to take walks. Albert Kahn died in 1940.